Stress Fractures of the Foot
A stress fracture is described as a small crack in the bone which occurs from an overuse injury of a bone. It commonly develops in the weight bearing bones of the lower leg and foot. When the muscles of the foot are overworked, or stressed, they are unable to absorb the stress and when this happens the muscles transfer the stress to the bone which results in stress fracture. Stress fractures can be treated by non-surgical approach which includes rest and limiting the physical activities that involves foot and ankle. Surgery may be required if the fracture is not healed completely by non-surgical treatment.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run and jump. The Achilles tendon ruptures most often in athletes participating in sports that involve running, pivoting and jumping. Recreational sports that may cause Achilles rupture include tennis, football, basketball and gymnastics. Achilles tendon rupture is treated by non-surgical method or surgical method. The choice of treatment is somewhat controversial and depends on the patient's health, age, activity level and desire to return to their sport. Dr. Curry uses the minimally invasive PARS (Percutaneous Achilles Repair System) technique for most Achilles ruptures in healthy active individuals. This repair method allows for faster return to normal activities with lower complications and re-rupture rate.
Achilles Tendon Bursitis
Achilles tendon bursitis or retrocalcaneal bursitis is a condition that commonly occurs in athletes. It is a painful condition caused by swelling of bursa, a fluid-filled sac which is located at the back of the heel under the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendon bursitis is caused by overuse of the ankle which results in irritation and inflammation of the bursa. Surgery is considered only when all non-surgical treatment fails to resolve pain and inflammation. Bursectomy is a surgical procedure done to remove an inflamed or infected bursa.
Ankle sprains are a common injury that occurs from over stretching or tearing of the ligaments that support the ankle. Ankle sprains occur due to sudden inward or inverted movement of the foot during sports activities, or while walking and running on uneven surfaces. An ankle sprain can occur from falling, or sudden force on the ankle which twists the joint beyond its normal range, resulting in damage to the ligament. Ankle sprains can occur at any age and although commonly seen as a sports injury, ankle sprains can occur to non-athletes as well. Ankle sprains result in pain, swelling, bruising, and stiffness of the ankle region. Sprains are most often treated conservatively. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.